The risk of introduction of T. fragrans is very high. In Hawaii, T. fragrans was first collected on Kaua'i in 1916 (Wagner et al. Diversity and Distributions. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. Hancock IR; Henderson CP, 1988. axils). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. 115-137. [English title not available]. Thunbergia erecta1 Edward F. Gilman2 Introduction Thunbergia erecta is a vigorous, woody shrub from Tropical Africa that grows to about 6-feet-tall and wide (Fig. It has become an exotic weed in many tropical countries. Josekutty PC, Wakuk EE, Joseph MJ, 2002. It is a slender vine that resembles T. alata in size and growth habit. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Thunbergia fragrans C.Presl Thunbergia fragrans Wall. In Australia, T. fragrans is considered a species of “recent introduction” and by the year 2011 this species had been recorded at several locations in the coastal districts of eastern Queensland (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). 209. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 23:115-137. Kew Bulletin, 55:513-589. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Scotland RW; Vollesen K, 2000. Daniel TF, 2010. Figure 4: Thunbergia fragrans. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. 10 (2), 113-123. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland. pubescent) when young. McDade LA; Masta SE; Moody ML; Waters E, 2000. Flora Chiapas [ed. The subfamily Thunbergioideae is characterized by a predominantly twining habit, enlarged bracteoles, and a reduced calyx. Thunbergia fragrans subsp. Kauai, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. Beautés fatales: Acanthaceae species as invasive alien plants on tropical Indo-Pacific islands. It is widely grown as a garden ornamentaland wall covering in Kenya. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Description Top of page. National Tropical Botanical Garden, 2:290. 848 pp. USDA-ARS, 2014. ovate) or somewhat elongated (i.e. Space JC; Flynn T, 2001. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. laevis (Nees) Clarke in Hook. Statistics. Distinguishing features. Micronesica Supplement, 6:61-65. Thunbergia grandiflora can be used as a medicinal plant, a green manure, for poles, hedges and for fuelwood. [Invasive species and their management.]. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00059.x. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on invasive plant species of environmental concern., Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Catalog of Guatemalan Acanthaceae: taxonomy, ecology, and conservation. Flora Chiapas, [ed. Wallingford, UK: CABI. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Stem and leaves . Cui, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. Naturalised overseas in south-eastern USA (i.e. The PLANTS Database. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Its pure white flowers distinguish it, however. Wu TL, 2001. (Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela)., Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. Small infestations should be removed manually. It is a fast-growing vine which has been intentionally introduced as an ornamental in many tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions where it has escaped and naturalized becoming a serious threat for native plant communities (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004). Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during summer and autumn. Volume 2. Leaves 6-8 x 4-6 cm, ovate, entire, apex acute, base truncate to subcordate, 5-ribbed, scabrid; petiole 4 cm long. Considering that T. fragrans spreads sexually by seeds and vegetatively by cuttings, stem fragments, and roots, the likelihood of invading and colonizing new habitats remains high. This herbicide should be applied in a ratio of 7.5 ml/L water. Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam) and China. Mauritius and La Réunion) and on several Pacific islands (e.g. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay).) Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Thunbergia Grandiflora. Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Technical paper No. Diversity and Distributions, 10(5/6):333-347. Thunbergia laurifolia is a popular ornamental plant in tropical gardens. Villaseñor JL; Espinosa-Garcia FJ, 2004. 599 pp. Tropical ornamentals. petioles) about 4 cm long. Catalog of Honduran Acanthaceae with taxonomic and phytogeographic notes. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia:939 pp. Traditional uses of these five species as medicinal, ornamental, vegetable, cultural significance and as other uses have also been highlighted in the enumeration section of the paper. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 24:51-108. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP) (Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia). Florida), the Caribbean (e.g. f., Fl. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. Within its native distribution range (i.e., India and China), T. fragrans grows in thickets, forest borders, roadsides and scrub jungles from 400-2300 m (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; India Biodiversity, 2014). var. Adams C D, 1972. Thunbergia fragrans. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/. The subfamily Thunbergioideae comprise five genera, the largest of which, Thunbergia, contains about 100 species restricted to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Madagascar, Asia, and Australia (McDade et al., 2000; Borg et al., 2008). It is most often grown on trellises and fences, hanging baskets, and as a ground cover in gardens (Wagner et al., 1999; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014). https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Villaseñor J L, Espinosa-Garcia F J, 2004. In Fiji, T. fragrans grows in thickets, along roadsides, and in coconut plantations near sea level (Smith, 1981). English name(s): White Thunbergia, Thunbergia White gem Description: Climber, scabrous. Smith A C, 1981. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. fragrans, Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb., Thunbergia hossei Clarke, Thunbergia laurifolia Lindl., Thunbergia similis Craib, Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00094.x. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). A Global Compendium of Weeds. It is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. San Francisco, USA: California Academy of Sciences, 1-158. In Australia, the only herbicide active registered for the control of Thunbergia species is imazapyr. Flora of the Solomon Islands. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer JY, 2013. Key words: Thunbergia, Distribution, Traditional uses, Assam INTRODUCTION Thunbergia named in 1780 by Retzius, in the honours of Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828), a hastate) bases. USDA-ARS, 2014. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/niue_report_20041217.pdf, Starr F; Starr K; Loope LL, 2003. Flowering plants of Jamaica. as an ornamental), with stem fragments and seeds subsequently being spread in dumped garden waste. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Report to the Government of Samoa on invasive plant species of environmental concern., Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Research Bulletin No. The slender, green or reddish coloured stems are square in cross-section (i.e. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. In: Research Bulletin - Dodo Creek Research Station, Honiara, Solomon Islands: ii + 203 pp. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. 10 (5/6), 333-347. Distribution Nepal, China, India, Burma, Indochina, Australia and America. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2005. The most rarely used plants are medicinal plants such as Sauropus amoebiflorus Airy Shaw, Thunbergia fragrans Roxb., Bridelia retusa Spreng., and Wendlandia tinctoria DC. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). A low-growing, slender-stemmed, spreading creeper or climbing vine. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. var. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Flora of Antioquia. Taxon, 57(3):811-822. Space JC, Flynn T, 2002. Leaves opposite; blades 6.5-11 × 1.8-6 cm, ovate to lanceolate, chartaceous, the apex acute, the base truncate or subcordiform; margins undulate and ciliate; upper surface dark green, glabrous or somewhat scabrous; lower surface pale green, dull, puberulous, with prominent venation; petiole 2-3.5 cm long, slender, pubescent, sulcate, with the base somewhat dilated. Urban listed this species as “spontaneous” for the islands of Cuba, Jamaica, St. Thomas, St. Croix, Puerto Rico, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Vincent, Barbados and Trinidad in his Symbolae Antillanae. Roxburghia rostrata Russell Roxburghia rostrata Russell ex Nees Homonyms Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. sub-entire). Thunbergia fragrans Name Synonyms Meyenia longiflora Benth. T. fragrans is included in the Global Compendium of Weeds where is listed as an “environmental weed,” and it is also listed as invasive in Australia, Japan, Singapore, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hawaii and French Polynesia among others (Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Mito and Uesugi, 2004; Chong et al., 2009; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012; PIER, 2014). Honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station. It is a long-blooming vine in cultivation. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 107:1-3348. peduncles) emanating from the leaf forks (i.e. In China, T. fragrans has been recorded flowering from August to January and fruiting from November to March (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). They have margins that vary from being slightly lobed, to toothed (i.e. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). 80 pp. [Proceedings of the California Academy of Science], 61 289-377. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Robust vine. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Flowers axillary, solitary or in pairs; pedicels pubescent, 5-7 cm long, striate; bracts green, membranaceous, ovate, pubescent, 1.6-2 cm long, covering the calyx. Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. Furthermore, Thunbergioideae lack the retinaculate fruits found in most Acanthaceae species, instead possessing either dry and/or dehiscent capsules without retinacula (Borg et al., 2008). Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Teas and medicinal India 4: 391. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. ect. 1), 22-96. The slender, green or reddish coloured stems are square in cross-section (i.e. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Thunbergia fragrans is a perennial vine, with green, oblong leaves and white flowers, similar in shape to Thunbergia gregorii. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. Daniel TF, 1995. Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands), the Mascarenes (i.e. Volume 2. Seeds and plant fragments can be spread in dumped garden waste, and by water, soil movement, garden tools, and vehicles (Starr et al., 2003; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). T. fragrans is an herbaceous vine, twining, 2-3 m in length. Balick MJ, Nee M, Atha DE, 2000. Thunbergia fragrans . According to Brickell and Zuk (1997), Thunbergia species are susceptible to spider mites, whiteflies, and scale insects. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland., Australia: The University of Queensland and Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries. Online Database. Leaves opposite, more or less triangular. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. riparian areas), urban bushland, disturbed sites, roadsides and plantation crops in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb belong to the family Acanthaceae. Flora of China. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Index.htm, Randall RP, 2012. a vine or creeper with slender four-angled stems that are somewhat hairy when young. Thunbergia fragrans. Check List of Hong Kong Plants. 76 pp. This species is declared under legislation in the following states and territories: For information on the management of this species see the following resources: Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is relatively similar to blue trumpet vine (Thunbergia grandiflora), laurel clock vine (Thunbergia laurifolia) and black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata), and very similar to native thunbergia (Thunbergia arnhemica). T. fragrans is relatively similar to Thunbergia grandiflora, Thunbergia laurifolia and Thunbergia alata. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2014. General Information Black-eyed Susan is a climbing, perennial plant producing one or more annual stems from a woody rootstock. corolla lobes). 2. Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 80 pp. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to India and other parts of Asia. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Josekutty PC; Wakuk EE; Joseph MJ, 2002. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, Marticorena C, Marchesi E, 2008. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. 209, Noumea, New Caledonia, South Pacific Commission. Space JC; Waterhouse BM; Newfield M; Bull C, 2004. It is most commonly found on roadsides, but can spread into forests and scrub. The genus Thunbergia includes about 90 species of ... 2012). sub-globose) capsule topped with a long, thick, beak (up to 2 cm long). In: 4. It is able to grow beneath closed forests (i.e., shaded areas) as well as in areas with full-sunlight exposure (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PROTA, 2014). Balick MJ; Nee M; Atha DE, 2000. Compendium record. hainanensis (C.Y. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. its oppositely arranged leaves (4-10 cm long and 3-5 cm wide) have arrow-shaped bases and slightly lobed to almost entire margins. Tumbuhan ini adalah tumbuhan asli China, India, Nepal, Indochina, dan Burma, serta dinaturalisasi secara luas di berbagai tempat lain. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85:1-246. In the case of T. fragrans, pollinators are unknown, but based on floral traits the species could be considered entomophilous (Starr et al., 2003). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Acanthaceae or Crossandra or Thunbergia family Light: Sun growing, Semi shade Water: Normal, Can tolerate more Primarily grown for: Flowers Flowering season: January, February, March Flower or Inflorescence color: Various colored flowers available viz., Yellow, Orange, Red Foliage color: Green Plant Height or length: http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and new regulations for prevention of their adverse effects. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). characteristic features. Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii. India Biodiversity, 2014. Daniel TF, 2010. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. PIER, 2014. ACANTHACEAE whitelady. Flora of the Solomon Islands. Wu TL, 2001. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. In many places it is considered as an invasive species. Borg AJ; McDade LA; Schönenberger J, 2008. Common names tumbergia-branca in Portuguese vit thunbergia in Swedish wan hua cao in language. vestita Nees. The genus Thunbergia is named after the Swedish botanist and explorer, Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1822). http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Invasive weedy angiosperms in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Flowers trumpet-shaped, corolla white to about 7 cm long. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Swarbrick JT, 1997. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. New York, USA: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 1104 pp. Space JC, Flynn T, 2001. Systematic Botany, 25:106-121. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. by Breedlove, D. E.]. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Idárraga-Piedrahita A; Ortiz RDC; Callejas Posada R; Merello M, 2011. Hancock I R, Henderson C P, 1988. By 1900, I. This species reproduces by seeds and also vegetatively via fragments of stems and roots. T. fragrans is native to India, Southeastern Asia and Malesia (Daniel, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2014). var. Visit our guidelines.Traditional uses of medicinal plants by native people in Nawarangpur district, Odisha, India Reference(s) Traditional uses of medicinal plants by native people in Nawarangpur district, Odisha, India by N. Species in the genus Thunbergia have bisexual, zygomorphic, axillary, and usually solitary flowers (Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005). The species T. alata, T.fragrans, and T. laurifolia have also been described as invasive species in ... and is commonly planted to cover fences and walls in gardens in warm climates. In addition, seeds are available from nurseries on the internet. Species within this family are herbs or woody shrubs, lianas and trees (Stevens, 2012). This shrub has small, ovate leaves with entire margins borne opposite on thin, brown stems. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore, Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay)). Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. Plants of Hawaii. The Plant List includes 302 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Thunbergia.Of these 31 are accepted species names. Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Phylogenetic relationships among Acanthaceae: evidence from two genomes. How Thunbergia Grandiflora is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Scientific Name: Thunbergia fragrans Synonym: Thunbergia volubilis Common Names: White Lady, Whitelady, White Thunbergia, Sweet Clock-vine, White Clock-vine Plant Characteristics. 273 pp. Report to the Government of Samoa on invasive plant species of environmental concern. pentstemonoides (Nees) T. Anderson, Thunbergia coccinea Wall., Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. The purple flowers have a yellow throat and grow to 1 1/4 inches long and may appear Brit. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. leaf and mature fruit (Photo: Land Protection, QDNRW) almost entire leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie) http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/thunbergia_fragrans.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Special qualities: Tolerates drought no Tolerates high humidity no Tolerates seaside conditions no Insect resistant no Disease resistant no Deer resistant no Best uses Symbiosis Attracts butterflies no Attracts hummingbirds no Autumn foliage no Colorful berries no Desirable qualities Other interest Other interest color Other interest period