You may even be lucky enough to spot rare migratory birds too. They act as … The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record. But in those floods, he realized how important they are for human survival. ... As storms become more erratic and severe due to climate change, the importance of mangroves with their complex root system holding on to … These half-fish and half-tree beings also find a mention in the Puranas and Tamil mythology – it is believed that many of the accessories that adorned the God Shiva, including the serpents worn as jewelry and the tiger-skin shawl, were acquired in the mangrove (thillai) forests of Pichavaram in South India, a telling tale of how bountiful mangroves really are. Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at for further information. Not many people know about them, and unfortunately, the fast-paced city life greatly inhibits any further interaction. The bullet train is expected to destroy at least 30,000 mangroves. Mangroves also help prevent erosion by stabilizing sediments with their tangled root systems. Mangroves are essential to maintaining water quality. Covering an area of 2,000 hectares, Vikhroli’s mangroves form one of the largest private mangrove forests in Maharashtra (managed by the Godrej Foundation since the 1940s). According to NatConnect Foundation, it has received a positive response from the Mangrove Foundation and its executive director Virendra … Mangroves protect shorelines from erosion. Roots of the Water World Mangrove forests have a unique character of floating foliage and roots. V. MANGROVE DESTRUCTION IN MUMBAI Rapid developments like housing, industrialization, pollution and increasing population of Mumbai has resulted into degradation of mangroves. They alert Pawar if they spot anyone dumping garbage or encroaching on mangrove areas, and he calls the authorities. Conservative valuation and assumptions about cumulative, non‐quantified value emphasize the importance of mangroves to the built environment, people, and future security of Mumbai. But a forest ranger is educating citizens on the value of the trees, hoping to save them. Somehow with imposed laws and vigilant citizens, sea cleaning became the priority and many NGOs tirelessly worked towards the same. They are specially adapted to withstand salinity, wave action, and can grow in poor soils. The clearing of mangroves in many areas of the city, particularly along the 18-km-long Mithi river, was cited as one of the main reasons for the unprecedented flooding in 2005. Even though millions of Mumbaikars pass by mangroves daily, very little is known about the city’s few remaining mangroves. Back at the mangrove nursery, Seema Adgaonkar, the former forest ranger, says Mumbai needs many, many more people like Pawar if its mangroves are to … Until such plans see the light of day, it is always possible to stop by these shrubby jungles next time you happen to pass them. By editor • Nov 24, 2019 . PATHAK: A little further down the coast from the nursery, the scene is more typical of Mumbai's mangroves nowadays - dry, leafless branches along the highway. B N KUMAR: Very sad to see these mangroves dying like this. It is the only state to have a dedicated cell for mangrove protection. NANDAKUMAR PAWAR: And that was truly eye-opening incident for me and my community. Mangroves in and around Mumbai have undergone massive destruction. Being a fisherman, I know the importance and values of mangroves. Mumbai coastal area always had some of the other challenges. PATHAK: He always knew mangroves were important fish breeding grounds. Copyright © 2019 NPR. SUSHMITA PATHAK, BYLINE: There's so many different types of mangroves here. In Maharashtra, ongoing efforts to protect mangroves, both public and private, have been exemplary. His village survived those deadly 2005 floods with remarkably little damage. For example, the villages of Pichavaram and Muthupet in the southern state of Tamil Nadu were protected by mangroves and … In the 1980s, it cleared one of its largest mangrove forests to build a commercial hub. KUMAR: Free water flow from the channel there - they stopped it for expansion of the highway. July 26 also marks the UNSECO-driven International Mangroves Protection and Conservation Day. Since its establishment, the Mangrove Cell has made concerted efforts for better understanding of the mangrove diversity of the State, to create awareness about the importance of mangroves and to train staff for effective conservation of mangrove areas. Others are smaller shrubs. Let’s remind ourselves of the importance of mangroves for the entire city – Mumbai metropolitan Region (MMR). However, there is little quantitative scientific data to back this up. Mumbai's mangroves — a defense against floods and climate change — are endangered by urbanization. Like many coastal cities around the world, India's financial capital Mumbai is being threatened by climate change. The Government of Maharashtra constituted the “Mangrove Cell” in 2012 and the “Mumbai Mangrove Conservation Unit” in 2013 to protect mangroves in and near Mumbai and changed the status of mangrove forests on government land from “protected forests” to “reserved forests”. The city is blessed with lush, green mangroves, trees that can act as a buffer against tides. There are two important creeks, Vasai Creek towards … PATHAK: These mangroves are dying, says environmentalist B.N. Among all of these Mangroves is one of the least noticed yet most important ecosystems. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. This is home to more than 16 mangrove species, 82 butterfly … (PTI/File Photo) Environmentalists have reiterated the importance of mangroves in preventing flooding, a day after rain lashed the city. Without its mangroves, coastal Mumbai vulnerable to flooding. Yet, the few mangroves that still exist provide the city dweller with a rare opportunity to witness the quiet and stillness, a state not typically associated with Mumbai. This flower has a very nice fragrance. Besides Navi Mumbai, the main mangrove-regions of Mumbai are: Vasai Creek, Thane Creek, Manori and Malad, Mahim, Bandra, Versova, Sweree and Mumbra-Diva. Accuracy and availability may vary. A few months earlier, protests were held in Mumbai to criticise the exploitation of wetlands and felling down of mangroves for ambitious construction schemes. Mumbai has some 20 million residents. Kumar points to a new report by climate change researchers that predicts much of Mumbai will be underwater by 2050. The … Related Program: PATHAK: "If mangroves are saved," she says, "Mumbai will be saved.". They store four times as much carbon as other forests, which can mitigate the effects of climate change. The Cell is headquartered in Mumbai and headed by a Chief Conservator of Forests. Mangroves are important for aquatic life and home for many species of fish. Vanashakti was a part of a restoration programme launched by state of Maharashtra which involved plantation of mangroves over 60 hectares across the city of Mumbai. Restoration of Degraded Wetlands. NPR's Mumbai producer Sushmita Pathak brings us this report from a mangrove nursery. Related Program: Back at the mangrove nursery, Seema Adgaonkar, the former forest ranger, says Mumbai needs many, many more people like Pawar if its mangroves are to survive. The Mangrove Wetland Centre project is the product of years of research on the mangroves in Mumbai and once completed it will be an example to emulate along the coasts of India. Now you can only see them in nurseries. PATHAK: It's a common story across Mumbai. PATHAK: Seema Adgaonkar gives me a tour of the different mangrove varieties that used to be found in the wild in Mumbai. Then in 2005, that area was ravaged by deadly floods. They act as breeding grounds for fish. Mangroves protect shorelines from damaging storm and hurricane winds, waves, and floods. SEEMA ADGAONKAR: Yeah. This is not the first time that the authorities in Mumbai have taken a step that is indifferent towards the environment and the residents. Today, many of these mangroves have disappeared and only a few remain. All rights reserved. In Mumbai, mangroves are found in many creeks in Konkan region such as Jaitapur, Malvan etc. Why Mumbai Needs More Mangroves . Since the 1940s, the Godrej Foundation has also been managing and conserving some of the largest private mangrove forests in the world on Mumbai’s coastline. Young people in Mumbai are taking action to protect the city's vanishing mangrove forests. Why Mumbai Needs More Mangroves . The cell also wishes to build a recreational space around the mangroves that would attract more visitors. As an island city dependent upon mangroves for its survival, Mumbai is the ideal location for such a nationally important project. In 2015, United Way Mumbai (UWM) launched the Mission Mangroves campaign, with the aim to restore Mumbai's depleted mangrove cover, which serves as a protective shield from natural disasters like floods, cyclones, tsunamis, etc. Mumbai’s mangroves boast a history older than the city itself. We have partnered with the Mangrove Cell of the State Forest Department and the Mangrove and Marine Biodiversity Conservation Foundation to … But all of them have these very characteristic aerial roots. Mangrove forests have historically been overlooked in Mumbai, the study said. Mumbai: People make their way through a flooded street during heavy rains in Mumbai on Tuesday. As UNESCO points out mangroves are “rare, spectacular and prolific ecosystems on the boundary between land and sea. He points to their water source, a small channel blocked with construction debris from a highway that's being built. UNIDENTIFIED PERSON: The dream of a developed India - India's first high-speed rail that will connect Mumbai to Ahmedabad... PATHAK: India's first bullet train is a source of national pride. Mumbai’s mangroves. But activist Kumar questions whether development has to come at the cost of the environment. They want more highways and better infrastructure. It was the British who, upon realizing the strategic and commercial importance of the islands of the Arabian Sea, ordered for the clearing of the mangroves that rimmed the once-separated islands to create a continuous land mass then known as Greater Bombay. The cell has deemed the Thane creek as a flamingo sanctuary, with a view to promote eco-tourism and create awareness. He now runs an NGO which trains fishermen to be mangrove vigilantes. About 40 ha of these newly-protected areas are along the Mithi river, which is choked by illegal construction. A lot of them are getting wealthier. The city is blessed with lush, green mangroves, trees that … Water. By editor • Nov 24, 2019 . Hidden away in the bosom of the mangrove patch between Bandra and the Maharashtra Nature Park is a system of fishing pools built by the Kolis two decades ago. Earlier, major Industrial wastes used to be dumped into the Sea. Mission Mangroves. According to the Mangrove Society of India (MSI), the mangroves in Airoli and Vikhroli are counted among the 12 unique mangrove forests in the country. Mangroves in Puerto Rico Ecological values. NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR. Some estimates say 70% of the city's mangroves have been lost to development. Mangroves act as natural buffers against flood surges by absorbing impact and breaking the flow of water.
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