Description Top of page. It is noted for producing edible bright red berry-like fruits (reminiscent of small cherries) in summer. autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) • Widespread invasive shrub or small tree • Blooms late May, fruits September - November • Fruit round to oval, 0.25”, red to pink (occasionally orange), soft, juicy, covered in silvery scales • Leaves silvery below • Flowers cream colored, fragrant. Epub 2019 Sep 9. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. The wild olive is a tree mainly cultivated for its fruit, which, in general, is acid and eatable. E. angustifolia fruits are used traditionally for treatment of osteoarthritis. It can fix Nitrogen. However, it is now widely distributed in North America and has become naturalized in many areas, including eastern Oregon (see below). It is noted for attracting wildlife. (1 cm) long within. This is a vigorous, fast-growing plant that tolerates a wide variety of soils including both poor dry soils and wet heavy clays. The fruit are 0.4 in. Leaves alternate, simple, oblong to linear-laceaolate (willow-like), 2.5-7.5 cm long and 1-1.5 cm wide, margin entire, dull green above and silvery below. 1. There is evidence supporting beneficial effects of aqueous extract of Persian olive in reducing the symptoms of osteoarthritis with an efficacy comparable to that of acetaminophen and ibuprofen. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It can fix Nitrogen. (1 cm) long, are yellow and almost completely covered by densely silver scales. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. RUSSIAN OLIVE (Elaeagnus angustifolia) - Duration: 2:07. canopy. The young branches are silvery while the older branches are brown. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Elaeagnus: a Greek name originally applied to a willow, from helodes, growing in marshes, and hagnos, pure, referring to the white fruit masses of the willow. 1. Twigs are occasionally thorny. The Elaeagnus angustifolia is a long lived tree (80-100years) which grows rapidly up to 10m in height and 30cm in diameter and start to fruit after 5-6 years [4]. According to Vines [ 191 ] and Weber and Wittman [ 197 ], several varieties of Russian-olive are known in cultivation, and differ primarily in leaf size and shape [ 191 ]. Hybrid derived from Elaeagnus pungens. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. The extensive geographical range of oleaster from the Mediterranean to northern Russia with wide variety of environmental conditions indicates its high adaptability. (Bot.) Duncan, Wilbur Howard. Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is … Variegata has leaves variegated with gold, yellow, and cream; its berries are red. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Elaeagnus angustifolia – Oleaster (southern Europe, central Asia) Habit: Asymmetrical large shrub or small tree, 6-8 m tall, 4-6 m wide; crooked stem; branches steeply or vertically upright; the thorny twigs are more spread out, some arching; medium to fast-growing. Propagation by cuttings also very common. ... (10 m) in height with single or multiple boles, many long narrow leaves, and many yellow fruit covered with minute silvery scales. 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: entire Leaf shape: oblong, lanceolate Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous Leaf blade length: less than 2 inches, 2 to 4 inches It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Small, fragrant spring flowers followed by bright orange-red, inches-long berries on 1 inches stalks; fruit is edible but tart, loved by birds. Species of Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit has a variety of medicinal uses. Olive Ol ive, n. [F., fr. The fruit matures from August to … angustifolia.) From Ukraine. Flowers are followed in fall by an often abundant crop of berry-like, silver-scaled fruit resembling olives, hence the common name. The oval fruit is about 10mm long and contains a single large seed. Middle-aged Russian-Olive. Background: The Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit has been traditionally used in Iranian herbal medicine to treat diarrhea and rheumatoid arthritis. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive is native to Europe and Asia and is a riparian tree in the Elaeagnaceae family. Introduction Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit commonly called Wild olive, Silverberry, Russian olive, or oleaster is a species of Elaeagnus native to Iran (commonly called Senjed), western and central Asia . Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. PLANTS Characteristics Data Fields and Definitions for more than 100 Characteristics In fact, it has shown promise to be developed as a functional food owing to its richness in antioxidants phenolics Species. It is a small, usually thorny, deciduous tree or large shrub that is typically grown for its silvery foliage, small fragrant yellow flowers, olive-like fruit and ease of cultivation. Patrick Breen, This plant is listed as a noxious weed in one or more Midwestern states outside Missouri and should not be moved or grown under conditions that would involve danger of dissemination. The tiny oblong fruit of genus Elaeagnus with red flesh and pericarp speckled with gold and silvery spots have been found to be edible. The bark is brown, thin with shallow fissures, peeling in long strips. Best in light, sandy loams in full sun. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. (1997) p 142-43 Parts Shown: Flower, Fruit, Habit, Leaf Photo. (1988) p 177(209) Parts Shown: Leaf Photo. A large deciduous shrub to 7m (22 ft) high with silvery foliage; vigorous and a nitrogen-fixer which benefits the surrounding plants. The rank-growing windbreak tree called Russian olive is actually an elaeagnus (E. angustifolia). It is in leaf all year, in flower from October to January, and the seeds ripen from April to May. There are four randomized double clinical trials on the efficacy of E. angustifolia... DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.04.051 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.04.051 It’s an ornamental landscape plant often used for hedges and barriers. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a usually thorny shrub or small tree growing to 5–7 metres (16–23 ft) in height. In Greece, it is sweetish-acid and mealy when ripe. Russian olive. Flowers small, 1 cm long, perfect, silvery on the outside, yellow inside, calyx tube campanulate. The fruit can also be made into jellies or sherbets. Trees of the Southeastern United States. As a tree, it typically grows 12-20’ tall. Fungal leaf spot and rust may also occur. Elaeagnus x ebbingei is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a medium rate. Elaeagnus was explored and human health-related nutrients identified.Results and discussion. The Silverthorn, Elaeagnus pungens, came from China and Japan to North America some 200 years ago in the early 1800’s. It has been widely planted in North America as both a windbreak and an ornamental. It responds well to clipping and can be grown much shorter as a hedge. 1. The Elaeagnus angustifolia is a long lived tree (80-100years) which grows rapidly up to 10m in height and 30cm in diameter and start to fruit after 5-6 years [4]. plant habit. I have grown plants from seeds. Elaeagnus angustifolia Figure 1. Species of Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit has a variety of medicinal uses. It is also one of the seven items which are used in Haft Seen or the seven 'S's which is a traditional table setting of Nowruz, the traditional Persian spring celebration. L. oliva, akin to Gr. Russian Olive - Elaeagnus angustifolia - €10 per plant Oleaster with its silvery foliage,stems and yellow fruits in October makes a very attractive plant. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive berry) and Elaeagnus multiflora (goumi berry) are also in this family. Screen or Barrier. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. 1. Red fruit makes good jelly. (1 cm) long within. E. angustifolia. Dry, sweet and mealy. Fruit is edible, and is sometimes used for making preserves. From a variety of traditional medicinal applications to its novel roles as active antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic and analgesic agent 1. Elaeagnus angustifolia: Russian Olive 2 Spread: 15 to 20 feet Crown uniformity: irregular Crown shape: spreading, oval Crown density: open Growth rate: fast Texture: fine Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. The effects of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. whole fruit on the sex hormone profile in menopausal women: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Canker and verticillium wilt are serious problems in some areas. E. angustifolia is a tall shrub or small tree up to 15 m tall and 100 cm in diameter, with a dense, rounded crown, olive-shaped fruit and long thorns. buds and thorns. $3.58. Elaeagnus angustifolia can tolerate a wide range of harsh environmental conditions such as flood, severe drought, stony, sandy and high salinity or alkalinity of the soils [5]. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. fruit is a rich source of both several nutrients and antioxidant compounds. angustifolia: narrow leaved. The fruit must be fully ripe before it can be enjoyed raw; if even slightly under-ripe it will be quite astringent. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, 4–9 cm (1 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) long and 1–2.5 cm (3⁄8–1 in) broad, with a smooth margin. leaves and flowers. Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit as a popular plant in Iranian ..... dissertation). Fruit is also attractive to wildlife. The role of Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit as an analgesic agent in acute pain has been proved earlier. The tree has been cultivated for its fruit… E. angustifolia fruits are used traditionally for treatment of osteoarthritis. Materials and Methods Deciduous shrub/tree, 15-20(40)ft [4.5-6(12) m] rounded outline, young branches silvery, stems sometimes thorny. Elaeagnus angustifolia can tolerate a wide range of harsh environmental conditions such as flood, severe drought, stony, sandy and … Hedge. Narrow, willow-like leaves (to 2” long) are dark green above and silvery beneath. Angustifolia means narrow-leaved. Leaves and branchlets with only silvery scales; expanded floral tube (i.e., beyond the constriction around the ovary) less than twice as long as the lobes; fruiting pedicels not conspicuously expanded distally, clearly shorter than the fruit. Introduction. leaves, late fall. Background plant. Elaeagnus Herb The leaves and the stems are concocted and used in the treatment of asthma, cough, diarrhoea, haemorrhoids; the root is astringent and is applied to sores or itchy skin. Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. To 610 feet high and wide. Fruit drupe-like, 15 mm long, yellow with silvery scales. The fruit has a seed which could be used to grow seedlings. 2020 Jan 10;246:112229. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.112229. Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit as a popular plant in Iranian ..... dissertation). ?. Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit commonly called Wild olive, Silverberry, Russian olive, or oleaster is a species of Elaeagnus native to Iran (commonly called Senjed), western and central Asia . Sun, drought and cold resistant, prefers alkaline soils, few pests. They are occasionally thorny and covered with scales. 1). The fruit is commonly sold in the markets of Constantinople. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive is native to Europe and Asia and is a riparian tree in the Elaeagnaceae family. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is … Epub 2019 Sep 9. Gilt Edge has striking yellow leaf margins. From Portugal. In this study, the effects of aqueous extracts of three parts of this fruit (pericarp, medulla and seed) on chronic pain were investigated in mice. The branches are flexible, pubescent (grey and scaly) and often have a short thorn at the end. ; ... A kind of sherbet is made from the fruit in the Orient. It, too, has gray leaves, but it’s too large and erratic for most urban landscapes. Russian-Olive1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Russian-Olive grows in an open, somewhat irregular globe shape 15 to 20 feet tall and wide (occasionally larger) and has silvery gray-colored foliage (Fig. Although relatively tame in the St. Louis climate, Russian olive has aggressively naturalized in many parts of the West, particularly in watersheads and marshlands of the Great Plains where it has self-seeded and spread along rivers and wetland areas, crowding out native plants such as cottonwoods and willows, to the point where it is now being considered a noxious weed.The genus name Elaeagnus comes from the Greek words elaia meaning "olive tree" and agnos meaning "chaste" or "pure".Specific epithet means having narrow leaves. More upright (to 1012 feet high and wide) than its parent, with thornless branches. Hardy to USDA Zone 2       Native to southern Europe and western and central Asia. leaves and fruit. The currently accepted name for Russian-olive is Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) [46,51,74,87,93,94,98,107,161,194,197,198]. It is a small, usually thorny, deciduous tree or large shrub that is typically grown for its silvery foliage, small fragrant yellow flowers, olive-like fruit and ease of cultivation. 2020 Jan 10;246:112229. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.112229. One of the Asian species, E. angustifolia, may also be native in southeasternmost Europe, though it may instead be an early human introduction there. Where is this species invasive in the US. Leaves are 12 inches long, silvery green above, silvery brown below. Elaeagnus angustifolia. They resemble olives are 1/2" silver in late summer turning red in the fall from August-October. (1 cm) long, are yellow and almost completely covered by densely silver scales. oleaster. Branches and trunk are covered with exfoliating brown bark that is attractive in winter. Therefore, we recommend a container with a drainage hole(s), and a quality potting soil … Elaeagnus growing in pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. The fruit are 0.4 in. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Common Names. Fruit - raw or cooked as a seasoning in soups. Performs poorly in humid summer climates, however, and is not recommended for planting in the deep South (south of USDA Zone 7). 1. J Ethnopharmacol. Buy It Now +$4.60 shipping. The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is drought-resistant. Its stems, buds, and leaves have a dense covering of silvery to rusty scales. Elaeagnus multiflora, commonly called goumi or gumi, is a deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub that typically grows in a rounded form to 6-10' tall. Beskrivning. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive berry) and Elaeagnus multiflora (goumi berry) are also in this family. Can spread by root suckers and self seeding. Russian olive, Russian olive, oleaster.
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